What is ADA compliance for a website?
If you’ve ever used a computer, then you’ve probably heard about the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and WCAG 2.1. The ADA was created to ensure that all people have equal access to buildings, public transportation, and other places where the general population goes. The ADA also ensures that websites created by businesses and public agencies are accessible to everyone.
But what do ADA website accessibility laws mean, and how does it apply to your website? In this post, we’ll answer these questions and explain why ADA web accessibility laws matter.
Why ADA Website Accessibility Laws Matter
As the Internet continues to expand, so do the number of websites. Anyone with a computer can easily access these websites. However, those who have difficulty using computers may find themselves discriminated against when they use the web. Inaccessible websites don’t follow the digital accessibility requirements mandated by the ADA Website Accessibility Laws.
With ADA Website Accessibility Laws and WCAG 2.1, businesses should provide everyone equal access to the web. When an online store fails to comply with this law, it can face accessibility lawsuits and fines.
Making websites accessible to everyone is the right thing to do for several reasons:
- It’s the civil rights law.
- It’s the proper way to do it since the web is supposed to be inclusive and accessible.
- It’s the right way to treat your users who may be blind or visually impaired.
- It’s the right approach to accessibility regulations because it helps your website rank higher in search engine results.
- It makes your site easier to use, which means fewer clicks and less frustration for your visitors.
What Is Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0
Evaluation tools and applications can help assess the accessibility of a website. However, they can never replace knowledgeable employees who know how to use them.
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines or WCAG 2.o are guidelines for making accessible websites to individuals with disabilities. They were developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). These guidelines are based on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. They render a set of guidelines that ensure web pages and other digital content are usable by people with disabilities.
When it comes to accessibility compliance, the go-to recommendation revolves around WCAG 2.0 level AA. This is a digital accessibility guideline that consists of 38 requirements outlining several recommendations and goals around developing and maintaining a compliant website.
Here are some takeaways :
- All images that contribute to the meaning of any page need alt text.
- Proper markup techniques should be used when structuring your website’s content and mobile applications.
- Present content in a meaningful manner, so it reads properly.
- Keep contrast rations between 4:1 and 6:1.
- The text should be able to resize up to 200% without causing problems for reading the text or using functions.
- Avoid images that are mostly text unless they are necessary.
- All content and functions on a site must be accessible by keyboard so that blind or visually impaired people can use it.
- Anyone using a computer keyboard should see the keyboard focus indicator.
- Flash must be minimized.
- Headings and the title must be clear and short.